US OCC Seeks End to Bank Deplatforming of ‘Disfavored’ Industries

Call it the CPR for Operation Choke Point.

The U.S. Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, a national bank regulator led by former Coinbase counsel Brian Books, has proposed a rule that would forbid banks to blacklist legal industries — including, presumably, cryptocurrency firms.

Under the proposed rule, banks could deny financial services to customers only on the basis of “quantitative, risk-based standards established in advance,” and not in response to political pressures.

The proposal, published Friday in the Federal Register, does not mention cryptocurrency. But it will likely come as welcome news to businesses in the space, which have long struggled to obtain, or keep, bank accounts in the U.S. Crypto firms have long relied on a handful of banks—Silvergate Bank, Signature Bank, and Metropolitan Commercial Bank among them—for their basic banking needs.

On the other hand, if banks in the world’s largest economy were forbidden to discriminate against legitimate businesses, then all else equal, it could, in theory, undermine the appeal of permissionless, censorship-resistant payment systems such as Bitcoin.

The OCC proposal specifically mentions Operation Choke Point, an Obama-era Justice Department initiative that was ostensibly meant to shut down only fraudulent businesses and payday lenders by pressuring banks to close their accounts. In practice, there appears to have been widespread collateral damage.

“Government agencies (but not the OCC) were revealed to have pressured banks to cut off access to financial services to disfavored (but not unlawful) sectors of the economy,” according to the OCC’s proposal. These included the firearm and coal industries. Operation Choke Point ended officially in late 2017, but financial intermediaries still receive pressure from politicians and the public to unbank industries or individuals deemed unsavory or problematic.

In its proposal, the regulator gave examples of banks being pressured by…

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