The Financial Stability Board (FSB) has warned national regulators to review standards and address any possible disruptions caused by global stablecoins such as Libra.
In a consultation report published Tuesday, the FSB – a G20 body advising on ways to improve the global financial system – said many activities associated with stablecoins were already covered by regulatory frameworks, but that there were other risks many national regulators could be left unprepared for.
The organization argued that much of the technology and mechanisms used in stablecoins were untested at scale, meaning functioning digital assets may have hidden vulnerabilities that emerge only as they gear-up for mainstream use.
“If users relied upon a stablecoin to make regular payments, significant operational disruptions could quickly
affect real economic activity,” the FSB said in its report. “Large-scale flows of funds into or out of the GSC [global stablecoin] could test the ability of the supporting infrastructure to handle high transaction volumes and the financing conditions of the wider financial system.”
The watchdog also said national regulators need to monitor the fast pace of innovation in the digital asset space to try and anticipate any weaknesses or regulatory holes before they take effect. All member countries should “clarify regulatory powers and address potential gaps in their domestic frameworks to adequately address risks posed by GSCs.”
Because stablecoins work across borders, the FSB argues that countries should coordinate and consult with how other countries regulate stablecoins. A joint approach could encourage consistency and reduce “opportunities for cross-sectoral and cross-border regulatory arbitrage,” it said.
Countries applying regulation on a sector-by-sector basis might need to change to ensure stablecoin activity is properly covered, according to the report.
Although the FSB doesn’t mention Libra by name, the report talks about some of the concerns that have…